Case studies on B92
In 2001, after two BBC documentaries “A cry from the grave” and “Abduction” broadcasted in Serbia by B92. Serbs finally believed they have done the past war crimes. This can definitely can see how powerful media is. This research will also focus looking on Foucault’s works on power. http://www.aimpress.ch/dyn/trae/archive/data/200107/10723-002-trae-beo.htm
The current and previous government in Serbia spent years and want to erase the “butcher” image for the war crime. Radojkovic (2009) has stated, ‘Civil society media are not growing in Serbia’. Before examining the state of media in contemporary Serbia, we can trace back the history of Yugoslavia. Yugoslavia was a republic by six related Slavic groups. Among those places, Serbia was the most powerful group. Due to the ethno-nationalism, the six Slavic groups announced disintegrations one after another, therefore, wars outbreaked afterwards.
1991 Serbia left the Yogoslavia republic
1995 Srebrenica Massacre
– killed more than 8000 mainly men & boys, it was portrayed as the worst massacre in Europe after Second World War II
1995 Dayton Agreement
- agreement for peace in Bosnia and Herzegovina
1998 Kosovo Serbs War
1999 Kosovo conflicts
In, 1999, North Altantic Treaty Organization (NATO) decided to bomb Serbia to stop the ethnic genocide. Ironically, during 78-day genocide, it also killed a lot of innocent Serbian. One of the bombs killed 16 Serbs in a television station. Afterwards, a monument was placed next to the TV station and was craved a question mark on the monument. It gave a strongly echo from the international societies that questioned why impose collective punishment to them? Is it the whole nation citizens have their guilt? Therefore, how to resolve the “Butcher” image in Serbia? I focus looking on the role of media.
The journalists avoid reporting some government bad news because they are afraid losing their jobs. In 2014, some well-known TV shows were taken off the air due to discuss politics and economy. Radisic (2014) has indicated, “The pressure became more evident to the public and it finally began to affect the public directly, with some social media users being brought in for police questioning and sometimes detained for tweeting critically about the government”.
Serbian Bloggers Censored for Criticizing Flood Relief Efforts
One of the well-known show named “Impression of the Week” which is hosted by journalist Olja Beckovic for over 20 years. Beckovic has begun openly speaking about receiving telephone calls from Prime Minister Aleksandar Vucic, pressuring her to change guests and topics on her show.
Serbia: B92 to drop critical talk show amidst political pressure