Methodology: The Urge of Permanence


Methodology: The Urge of Permanence

The idea of taking time for granted, and all the more important to deconstruct. To u dear stand and to go beyond the surface again. The archive and time this is the evidence of our permanence. Things like a ‘time capsule’.

What is time? 

It is a social construct and we have invented time – we have had to. God controlled our early conceptions of time: in the seasons and immortality and the gift of life. It was until the 1840s the development of the clock and the early GMT time. Ink 1884 the international meridian conference in Washington was set the global clock. Around this time there was also industrial revolution had begun. The clocks were set at the beginning of capitalism and we needed to have a international clock in order to engage globally. The west ultimately set the time.

“Empty time” – response to uncertain time, is the synchronous and measurable eg calendars and organisers. A sense of control but when this is lost we have to start rationalising and structuring. It helps us feel secure.

Temporality = now. The present, we tend to think about time similarly as how the clock ticks, metaphors can be drawn upon in order to relate and our feeling of time and the now can be visualised as a string of pearls. Which suggests we are without a past and without a future but these cant be discrete series of ‘nows’ as this could be a perpetual present.

Another metaphor of the “flow of time, time is a stream” the progress and moving. This suggest time flows in one direction only so this does not account for the past or the previous and suggests w cannot account for our experiences or indeed a plan for the future.

Time is very rational and very modern invention modernist concept where as temporality is part of our being. Temporality can be seen as: back to the future and shaped by our past experiences and the future experiences we are envisioning to encounter.

Primordial or fundamental time is date able and expanded and authentic.

Time can be inauthentic which is coming from “the experience of time is a state of being within the world” we have this experience of existing in time. Time that can be ruled by others. Eg by society which presents a lack of awareness. See Heidegger (Ontology)- time is future orientated “becoming but not being” never in that final state and never complete. This existence is a state of in between. He argues that we experience the ‘now in preparation for our future which is shaped by thinking what is going to come next. We must consider his own politics as a master race for the future, considering his views.

Phenomenology – Merleau-Ponty (1945) we can only experience temporality and not know our own. If time stood still, if we would imagine it, we would not be able to move forward and progress. We only experience temporality because it is constantly changing and has previous experience that helps us make sense of the now.

“Time is Money

Time and money are both abstract and appear very quantitative they appear neutral and give the illusion of objectivity. The clock appears to be emptied of rhythm.

Capitalism catalysts the idea of money is time. It has become a resource and a commodity (time).

Virilio (2000) suggests “Time Compression Modernity” eg the networked society. “The black hole of inter connectivity” 

We have an obsession with possession and desperation for speed and becoming quicker speeding time up. Though this often becomes counter productive and divides people by class.

Time and money is not always equal, considering “0 hour contracts” (According to recent primary resources through an interview account, Serbia maintains an expectation of jobs and careers if one is sucesful enough and has adopted a ‘lazy’ lifestyle culture.).


A forced improvisation and moving our way through life. The political ideology of speed is significant when considering this research as we live in a society where there is freelance and the nature of working life is told to be. Lara Milan – a cruel optimism and we should look forward to it and a future of careers and work life. States of control is different for Serbians working life is not always constructed and often becomes a “Lazier” culture of which we would consider and of which is accepted.

The concept of boundaries and walls could be seen as a reference to the conflict of Yugoslavia history. During which one region was divided by imaginary differences. 

Four major clock towers – Nebojsa and Sahat is most important because these include walls from Roman and medieval times which reflects upon the founder of Serbian medieval Belgrade (Vicktor – Pobednik, and one of the most important symbols of Belgrade.

Built in Period of 1740 – 1789. In Baroque style which is used exaggerated motion and clear easily interacted materials in order to produce drama and tension, which presents this clock tower as a defining feature.

Location – “Belgrade Fortress” the Stambol Gate (provides the entrance).

Public or private ?

It is now a reminder of its heritage in order to keep ‘Slavic” identities “the same” their identity was Defined by location. However since the Yugoslavia conflict time has become to remain “slow” and has become re constructed/ re thought in terms of thought and understanding because of “loss of hope” and acceptance of just waiting.

Methodology: The Urge of Permanence

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