Utopian Socialism: (Ref:): https://www.marxists.org/archive/marx/works/1880/soc-utop/ch01.htm)
Engles, F. (1880) The Development of Utopian Socialism
Marx & Engles: Socialist and Communist Literature
Despite Marx and Engles defining their own socialism in opposition originally to Utopian Socialism they began to describe how people would live if everyone adheared to the socialist ethic. According to Utopians and Marxists, like Fourier and Owen, Utopian Socialism inspires the oppressed to struggle and sacrifice in order to peruse a better life; gives clear meaning to the aim of socialism and demonstrates how socialism is ethical without exploiting everyone despite Marx original theoretical approach.
Engles (1880) points out that extreme revolutionists did not recognise any external authority of any kind whatsoever, reason became the sole measure of everything. Considering the identity of the UK, considered no more than the ‘idealised kingdom of the Bourgeoisie’ (Engles), which reduces equality. Revolutionary uprising of class developed within Serbia however it is interesting to consider the future for Serbia and how the culture maintains is sole independent collaboration with mainly countries that were once main allies during political conflict, eg Russia.
http://eucenter.wisc.edu/Media%20System.pdf – Curran media system and public knowledge
mapping of digital media http://www.fpn.bg.ac.rs/wp-content/uploads/mapping-digital-media-serbia-20111215.pdf
Digital media and Public Expectation:
Public expectation has altered in Serbia considerably, for a country that is thought of to be under developed in terms of digital technology and communication, digital media has had a huge impact upon the way in which journalists and newsrooms operate. An example of this is by reporter Zorić (2010) who ensures her digital camera and at times mobile phone is ready to go live at any time, in case of an emergency. An interview conducted by Surculija with Zorić (2010) engaged with her understanding of security in Serbia, especially when considering public relations and identity. Zorić admitted that she no longer needs to ‘worry about people’s security or co ordinate with a camera crew’ because of her ability to advance mobile technology and adapt. Zorić therefore understands her audience’s specific needs and requirements and their desires when it comes to broadcasting types of information, despite her own admission that she lacks knowledge and experience ‘to get a clear picture or a proper frame every time’, though claims to be available 24/7. However, it is interesting to consider that Surculija does not include any male reporters and only focuses on the positionality of the female researcher and her apparent self assured security with mobile technology rather than being flanked by camera men. It is also noted that sensitive issues in Serbia include religious; sexual minorities and abuse of women and children that appears to be traditionally diverse taboo topics.
Impatience begun to materialise during a workshop in 2010, according to Surculija, lead writer of ‘Mapping Digital Media’. News that was broadcasted until 5pm was becoming too eagerly anticipated by a global audience who were going online to gain the information instead of waiting, convenience of digital technology was clearly a priority. The editor in chief of a local radio station in Serbia, reportedly feared to publish any news upon the internet before the 5pm broadcast because of the public’s preference of reading it in ‘real time’. The following month after this workshop, according to Surculija (2010), the radio station decided to alternatively change and publish information as it arrived, which actively developed more listeners.